The study for the Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR) in Germany was contracted to Rupprecht Consult, Spatial Foresight and TCP International for studying urban nodes of Germany in the context of transnational Transport.
Passenger and freight transport often originate or terminate in urban space, which also serves as hub to link different transport modes. Consequently, the European policy to develop Trans-European Networks for Transport (TEN-T) has attributed particular importance to cities in their function as urban nodes in the overall development of the European transport network, as interface between short- and long-distance transport.
In this context, the Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR) has contracted Rupprecht Consult, Spatial Foresight and TCP International to study urban nodes in Germany in the context of transnational transport.
A central task of this study was to collect, for the first time, consistent comprehensive information on the current state of development and planning in the 13 urban nodes of the TEN-T core network in Germany (Berlin, Bielefeld, Bremen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, Hamburg, Hannover, Köln, Leipzig/Halle, Mannheim, München, Nürnberg, Stuttgart) in the context of transnational transport and to formulate strategies on how the nodes can integrate the opportunities and challenges of the TEN-T better into their planning processes. The overall aim was to better position the urban nodes in Germany in European and international competition.
A thorough analysis of the current situation of the 13 urban nodes of the core network concerning the awareness, activities and obstacles as well as an overview of the corridor secretariats relevant for Germany was based on:
The following three key questions were answered by the study:
Two workshops were carried out to discuss and further develop the results of the analysis with representatives of the 13 urban nodes and to allow for exchange between the nodes. In the second workshop, stakeholders from nodes outside Germany were invited for an exchange on best practice.
In the end, strategy elements and recommendations for the further development of the urban nodes in Germany were formulated: